A Guide to Women in Canadian History
Female Canadian Indigenous Leaders
Charlotte Edith Anderson Monture, Mohawk nurse who served with
the US Army in WWI
(Reproduced from Shorpy)
Indigenous women have of course made notable contributions to Canada. Here are a few examples.
Pauline Johnson. Mohawk poet and performer who increased awareness of Aboriginal culture.*
- Susan Aglukark. Talented singer and songwriter from the Canadian Arctic.
See her biography on heroines.ca.
- Anna Mae Aquash. Canadian activist, born on a Mi'kmaq reserve in Nova Scotia, who dedicated her life to helping Native people.*
- Pitseolak Ashoona. A talented Inuit artist from the Canadian Arctic.*
- Molly Brant. An influential Mohawk diplomat.*
- Amelia Douglas. A pioneer in the fur trade. See her biography on heroines.ca.
E. Pauline Johnson, ca. 1895 (Cochran/Library and Archives Canada/C-085125, copyright expired)
See Pauline Johnson Performs in Winnipeg, 1897.
Mikak. Inuk leader who worked to develop peaceful relationships with Europeans in Labrador.*
Nahnebahwequay. Heroic pioneer in the battle for Native rights.*
Alanis Obomsawin. Distinguished filmmaker from the Abenaki Nation.
Buffy Sainte-Marie. Talented musician and activist, born to Cree parents in Saskatchewan. See her biography on heroines.ca.
Shaaw Tlaa (Kate Carmack). The woman in the party that found gold in the Klondike, and possibly the true discoverer.*
See Discovering Gold in the Klondike, 1896.
Shanawdithit. Courageous woman who was the last of the Beothuks in Newfoundland.*
Tookoolito. An important guide and interpreter in the Arctic.*
Kateri Tekakwitha. Mohawk woman who maintained her religious beliefs even when persecuted.*
Thanadelthur. A Chipewyan Dene woman, influential in the fur trade.*
Sally Ainse. Oneida trader, diplomatic courier, and landowner.**
Demasduit. A heroic Beothuk woman.**
Demasduit, 1819 (Library and Archives Canada/1977-14-1)
Mary Two-Axe Early. An activist from the Kahnawake Reserve in Quebec.**
Elsie Knott. The first female Indian chief in Canada under Indian Act.**
Marguerite Vincent Lawinonkie. A talented Huron woman who helped save the Huron-Wendat.**
Kirkina Mucko. An inspirational midwife and nurse from Labrador.**
Angela Sidney. A woman dedicated to preserving her Tagish and Tlingit heritage.**
Charlotte Small. The woman who helped David Thompson map a nation.**
* This woman is featured in the book 100 Canadian Heroines: Famous and Forgotten Faces (adult non-fiction).
** This woman if included in the book 100 More Canadian Heroines: Famous and Forgotten Faces (adult non-fiction).